was the start of it all!

The Bottom Up Solution arose from scientific investigation

of fats and oils using mass spectrometry.

I manually solved all possible solutions to Critical Ratios

used to derive structural information about triacylglycerols, triglycerides.

When I saw the shape of the Bottom Up Solution,

it was obvious that it was half of an octahedron.

Then the question arose...

What is the full octahedron?

The answer is: The Simulacrum System.

The Bottom Up Solution to the

Triacylglycerol Lipidome.

Byrdwell, in Lipids

Byrdwell, W.C., "The Bottom Up Solution to the Triacylglycerol Lipidome Using Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry", ** Lipids**, 40(4):383-417 (2005),

DOI: 10.1007/s11745-006-1398-9.

Figure 3, shown at the top of the page, represents the solution for a Type II TAG.

An ABA/AAB triagylglycerol (TAG) is a fat with two chains the same and one different. The [AA]/[AB] ratio gives structural information-- a Critical Ratio.

Figure 4 was the three-level-deep nested solution. It used three Critical Ratios.

It showed how to nest solutions.

The Bottom Up Solution led to

The Unit Simulacrum and

The Simulacrum System

The Bottom Up solution showed that structural information could be derived from Critical Ratios.

Those Critical Ratios were made from accumulated knowledge of TAGs.

The Interpretation Matrix holds the knowledge of the Ratios, relationships.

The history of publications provided the knowledge for the ratios used in TAG analysis, called Critical Ratios.

Read MoreThe BUS was half an octahedron.

The full octahedron shows all solutions,

including those not selected in the BUS.

The Simulacrum System shows all solutions, Seen and Unseen, constructed and not constructed,

selected and not selected.

The sum of all possiblilties based on two values or a value and a ratio.

The BUS required solutions for three-level deep nested Critical Ratios. It was Ratios of Ratios of Ratios.

Type I: MH/[DAG]

Type II: MH/Σ[DAG]; [AA]/[AB]

Type III;MH/Σ[DAG]; [AC]/([AB]+[BC]);[AB]/[BC]

The Bottom Up Solution arose from scientific investigation

of fats and oils using mass spectrometry.

I manually solved all possible solutions to Critical Ratios

used to extract structural information from triacylglycerols.

When I saw the shape of the Bottom Up Solution,

it was obvius that it was half of an octahedron.

Then the question arises...

What is the full octahedron?

Answer: The Simulacrum.

Byrdwell, W.C., " The Updated Bottom Up Solution Applied to Mass Spectrometry of Soybean Oil in a Dietary Supplement Gelcap", ** Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry**, 407(17):5143-5160 (2015).

DOI: 10.1007/s00216-015-8590-9.

Figure 4 above represents the solution for a Type II TAG. An ABA/AAB triagylglycerol (TAG) is a fat with two chains the same and one different. The [AA]/[AB] ratio gives structural information-- a Critical Ratio.

This Critical Ratio relates to how the fat is digested in the gut; very pragmatic information. It led to The Simulacrum.

Table 4 shows that the exact equations to implement the Updated Bottom Up Solution in Microsoft Excel were given. The Updated Bottom Up Solution can be reconstructed at will by most anyone.

The UBUS showed how to nest solutions.

The Bottom Up Solution led to

The Unit Simulacrum and

The Simulacrum System

Byrdwell, W. C., "The Updated Bottom Up Solution Applied to Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization and Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry", ** Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society**, 92(11):1533-1547 (2015), DOI: 10.1007/s11746-015-2735-z.

Table 1 shows the use of the [MH]+/Σ[DAG]+ for APPI-MS was the same as the BUS and the UBUS, being half an octahedron.

The three-level-deep nested solutions had Fibonacci Ratios as Critical Limits.

Table 3 used the ratio [MNH4]+/Σ[DAG]+ for ESI-MS, and led to consideration of the Path Not Taken, the Σ[DAG]+/[MNH4]+ ratio.

The UBUS was half an octahedron, the UBUS2 led to the other half octahedron. When the two halves were combined it gave The Simulacrum System.

The Bottom Up Solution arose from scientific investigation

of fats and oils using mass spectrometry.

I manually solved all possible solutions to Critical Ratios

used to extract structural information from triacylglycerols.

When I saw the shape of the Bottom Up Solution,

it was obvius that it was half of an octahedron.

Then the question arises...

What is the full octahedron?

Answer: The Simulacrum.

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